[图片] 所用技术栈 前端:React,Antd 后端:ASP.NET CORE ,System.Linq.Dynamic.Core,EPPlus.Core 基本思路 NetCore 解决生成 Excel 文件(流),使用了 EPPlus.Core。 EF(LINQ)解决动态列的问题,,System.Linq.Dyna ..

React+.NetCore API 实现动态列导出

所用技术栈

  1. 前端:React,Antd
  2. 后端:ASP.NET CORE ,System.Linq.Dynamic.Core,EPPlus.Core

基本思路

  1. NetCore 解决生成 Excel 文件(流),使用了 EPPlus.Core。
  2. EF(LINQ)解决动态列的问题,,System.Linq.Dynamic.Core
  3. 解决文件下载的问题,最开始的思路是,直接传流到前端,前端读 response.blob(),然后生成文件,结果...... 失败,因为所有请求要先过 Node 层,流经过一次转发后,死活没办法变成 excel 文件。前端能力不强,所以放弃这个思路了。 按照后端的解决方式,就是直接把文件生成到服务端,然后返回路径给前端,前端跳转一次,就可以实现下载,尝试,成功!

核心代码

后端代码模块

 public class ExportRequestModel<T>
    {

        public List<ExportRowModel> RowRequest { get; set; }
        /// <summary>

        /// 导出人ID

        /// </summary>

        public string ExportUserID { get; set; }

        /// <summary>

        /// 导出模块名称

        /// </summary>

        public string ModuleName { get; set; }

        public T Where { get; set; }

    }
    public class ExportRowModel
    {

        public string RowName { get; set; }

        public string RowKey { get; set; }

        public string TableName { get; set; }

    }

ExcelHelper.cs:

public static string Export(ExportRequestModel<TWhere> THead, List<TBody> TBody, string LocalPath)
        {
            try
            {
                string sFileName = $"{THead.ExportUserID}-{Guid.NewGuid()}.xlsx";
                var finallypath = LocalPath + "\\excel\\" + THead.ModuleName;
                DirectoryInfo di = new DirectoryInfo(finallypath);
                if (!di.Exists) { di.Create(); }
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(Path.Combine(finallypath, sFileName));
                var pack = GetExcelPackage(THead.RowRequest, TBody);
                pack.SaveAs(file);
                return ("\\excel\\" + THead.ModuleName + "\\" + sFileName).Replace("\\", "/");
            }
            catch (Exception) 
            {
                throw;
            }
        }
        private static ExcelPackage GetExcelPackage(List<ExportRowModel> THead, List<TBody> TBody)
        {
            ExcelPackage package = new ExcelPackage();
            var worksheet = package.Workbook.Worksheets.Add("sheet1");
            //循环生成表头
            for (int i = 1; i <= THead.Count; i++)
            {
                worksheet.Cells[1, i].Value = THead[i - 1].RowName;
            }
            //循环值
            for (int i = 1; i <= TBody.Count; i++)
            {
                var body = TBody[i - 1];
                var bodyPro = body.GetType().GetProperties();
                for (int j = 1; j <= bodyPro.Length; j++)
                {
                    if (bodyPro[j - 1].Name == "Item")
                    {

                        break;
                    }
                    worksheet.Cells[i + 1, j].Value = bodyPro[j - 1].GetValue(body, null);
                }
            }
            return package;

        }
    }

示例代码

 ApiResult<string> apiResult = new ApiResult<string>();

            List<string> selectKey = new List<string>();

            foreach (var item in request.RowRequest)

            {

                var tabOtherName = string.IsNullOrEmpty(item.TableName) ? item.TableName : item.TableName + ".";

                selectKey.Add($"{tabOtherName}{item.RowKey} as {item.RowName}");

            }

            var ExportList = _studentStatuService.Query()

                .Include(n => n.Payment)

                .Include(n => n.Student)

                .Include(n => n.Student.Department)

                .Where(n => (int)n.StudentType > 1)

                .HasWhere(request.Where.DepartMentID, n => n.Student.DepartmentID == request.Where.DepartMentID)

                .HasWhere(request.Where.EduMajorID, n => n.Payment.EduMajorId == request.Where.EduMajorID)

                .HasWhere(request.Where.EduSchoolID, n => n.Payment.EduSchoolId == request.Where.EduSchoolID)

                .HasWhere(request.Where.Name, n => n.StudentNo.Contains(request.Where.Name))

                .HasWhere(request.Where.IdCard, n => n.Student.IDCard.Contains(request.Where.IdCard))

                .HasWhere(request.Where.StartTime, n => n.CreateTime>= request.Where.StartTime)

                .HasWhere(request.Where.EndTime, n => n.CreateTime < request.Where.EndTime)

                .Select(n => new StudentLessResponse

                {

                    PhoneNum = n.Student.PhoneNum,

                    School = n.Payment.EduSchoolName,

                    Major = n.Payment.EduMajorName,

                    CreateTime = n.CreateTime.ToString("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"),

                    Guid = n.Student.Guid.ToString(),

                    Name = n.Student.Name,

                    DeptName = n.Student.Department.Name,

                    StudentType = (int)n.StudentType,

                    DiplomaType = string.Join("/", EnumHelper.GetDescription(n.DiplomaType)),

                    GetSeason = EnumHelper.GetDescription(n.GetSeason),

                    GetYear = n.GetYear,

                    LevelSeason = EnumHelper.GetDescription(n.LevelSeason),

                    LevelYear = n.LevelYear,

                    StudentNo = n.StudentNo,

                    TemporaryNo = n.TemporaryNo

                })

                .Select($"new ({string.Join(',', selectKey.ToArray())})")

                .ToDynamicList();

            var pack = ExcelHelper<dynamic, StudentPagesRequest>.Export(request, ExportList, LocalPath);

前端代码
Export.js 组件:

import React from 'react';

import { Popover, Button, Checkbox, Row, Col, DatePicker } from 'antd';

import PropTypes from 'prop-types';

import { setLocalStorage, getLocalStorage } from '../../utils/cookieHelper';

const { RangePicker } = DatePicker;



class Export extends React.Component {



    state = {

        visible: false,

        checkedValues: getLocalStorage(this.props.moduleName),

        StartTime: null,

        EndTime: null

    }

    onChange = (checkedValues) => {

        const { exportList } = this.props;



        this.setState({ checkedValues });

    }

    export = () => {

        const { checkedValues, EndTime, StartTime } = this.state;

        const { moduleName, onExport, exportList } = this.props;



        setLocalStorage(moduleName, checkedValues);

        const finallyValues = exportList.filter((item, index) => {

            return checkedValues.indexOf(item.RowKey) > -1;

        });

        const data = {

            ModuleName: moduleName,

            RowRequest: finallyValues,

            where: {

                StartTime,

                EndTime

            }

        }

        console.log(data);

        if (onExport) {

            onExport(data);

        }



    }



    onTimeChange = (date, dateString) => {

        this.setState({ StartTime: dateString[0], EndTime: dateString[1] })



    }

    render() {

        const { exportList, moduleName } = this.props;

        const ccontent = (<div>



            <Checkbox.Group onChange={this.onChange} style={{ width: '220px' }} value={this.state.checkedValues}>

                <Row>

                    <div style={{ marginBottom: '12px' }}>

                        <div style={{ marginBottom: '5px' }}> 请选择数据产生的时间:</div>

                        <RangePicker onChange={this.onTimeChange} />

                    </div>



                    {exportList.map((item, index) => {

                        return (<Col span={12}><Checkbox key={item.RowKey} value={item.RowKey}>{item.RowName}</Checkbox></Col>)

                    })}

                </Row>

            </Checkbox.Group>

            <Row style={{ textAlign: 'center', marginTop: '10px' }}>

                <Col span={2}></Col>

                <Col span={10}> <a onClick={this.export}>确定</a></Col>

                <Col span={10}> <a onClick={() => {

                    let visb = !this.state.visible;

                    this.setState({ visible: visb })

                }}>取消</a></Col>

                <Col span={2}></Col>



            </Row></div>);

        return (

            <Popover

                content={ccontent}

                title="请选择导出列"

                trigger="click"

                visible={this.state.visible}

                placement="bottom"



            >

                <Button type="primary" onClick={() => {

                    let visb = !this.state.visible;

                    this.setState({ visible: visb })

                }} icon={'export'} style={{ marginRight: '10px' }}>导出</Button>

            </Popover >

        );

    }

}



Export.propTypes = {

    onExport: PropTypes.func,

    moduleName: PropTypes.string,

    exportList: PropTypes.any

};



export default Export;
import  Export  from  '../../components/common/Export';


exportList  = [
{ RowKey:  "materialName", RowName:  "教材名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "followLevel", RowName:  "所跟级别", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "studentName", RowName:  "学生姓名", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "schoolName", RowName:  "学校名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "classAndMajorName", RowName:  "班级和专业名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "diplomaType", RowName:  "专业层次", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "courseName", RowName:  "课程名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "department", RowName:  "校区名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "teacherName", RowName:  "老师名称", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "phoneNum", RowName:  "老师电话", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "hour", RowName:  "时间安排", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "time", RowName:  "上课日期", TableName:  "" },
{ RowKey:  "roomNo", RowName:  "上课课室", TableName:  "" }]

export  = (data) => {
  const {routeParams: {guid}} =  this.props;
  data.where  = {
     ...data.where,
     guid,
     StartTime:  this.state.startTime,
     EndTime:  this.state.endTime
}
   this.props.dispatch({ type:  this.baseConfig.baseName  +  '/export', payload:  data });
}


<Export  exportList={this.exportList}  moduleName={this.baseConfig.baseName}  onExport={this.export}  />;
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