代码 废话不多说,上来先贴代码。 代码原型来自于互联网,时间很久了已经忘了从哪里 copy 的了,侵删。 package ocr; import com.sun.deploy.net.HttpResponse; import org.apache.http.HttpEntity; import org.apache.h ..

针对正方教务验证码最最最最简易的一个 OCR 字库训练

代码

废话不多说,上来先贴代码。

代码原型来自于互联网,时间很久了已经忘了从哪里 copy 的了,侵删。

package ocr;

import com.sun.deploy.net.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.List;

public class Test {
    private static Map<BufferedImage, String> trainMap = null;
    private static int index = 0;
    //验证码地址
    public static String getImageUrl = "http://221.232.159.27/CheckCode.aspx";
    public static String srcPath = "img/";
    public static String trainPath = "train/";
    public static String tempPath = "temp/";

    public static int isBlue(int colorInt) {
        Color color = new Color(colorInt);
        int rgb = color.getRed() + color.getGreen() + color.getBlue();
        if (rgb == 153) {
            return 1;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    public static int isBlack(int colorInt) {
        Color color = new Color(colorInt);
        if (color.getRed() + color.getGreen() + color.getBlue() <= 100) {
            return 1;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    public static int isWhite(int colorInt) {
        Color color = new Color(colorInt);
        if (color.getRed() + color.getGreen() + color.getBlue() > 600) {
            return 1;
        }
        return 0;
    }
    /** * 去除背景,二值化 * @param picFile * @return * @throws Exception */
    public static BufferedImage removeBackgroud(String picFile)
            throws Exception {
        BufferedImage img = ImageIO.read(new File(picFile));
        img = img.getSubimage(5, 1, img.getWidth()-5, img.getHeight()-2);
        img = img.getSubimage(0, 0, 50, img.getHeight());
        int width = img.getWidth();
        int height = img.getHeight();
        for(int x=0; x<width; x++){
            for(int y=0; y<height; y++){
                if(isBlue(img.getRGB(x, y)) == 1){
                    img.setRGB(x, y, Color.BLACK.getRGB());
                }else{
                    img.setRGB(x, y, Color.WHITE.getRGB());
                }
            }
        }
        return img;
    }
    /** * 按自己的规则分割验证码 * @param img * @return * @throws Exception */
    public static List<BufferedImage> splitImage(BufferedImage img)
            throws Exception {
        List<BufferedImage> subImgs = new ArrayList<BufferedImage>();
        int width = img.getWidth()/4;
        int height = img.getHeight();
        subImgs.add(img.getSubimage(0, 0, width, height));
        subImgs.add(img.getSubimage(width, 0, width, height));
        subImgs.add(img.getSubimage(width*2, 0, width, height));
        subImgs.add(img.getSubimage(width*3, 0, width, height));
        return subImgs;
    }
    /** * 载入训练好的字摸 * @return * @throws Exception */
    public static Map<BufferedImage, String> loadTrainData() throws Exception {
        if (trainMap == null) {
            Map<BufferedImage, String> map = new HashMap<BufferedImage, String>();
            File dir = new File("train");
            File[] files = dir.listFiles();
            for (File file : files) {
                if (file.getName().startsWith("."))continue;
                map.put(ImageIO.read(file), file.getName().charAt(0) + "");
            }
            trainMap = map;
        }
        return trainMap;
    }
    /** * 识别分割的单个字符 * @param img * @param map * @return */
    public static String getSingleCharOcr(BufferedImage img,
                                          Map<BufferedImage, String> map) {
        String result = "#";
        int width = img.getWidth();
        int height = img.getHeight();
        int min = width * height;
        for (BufferedImage bi : map.keySet()) {
            int count = 0;
            if (Math.abs(bi.getWidth()-width) > 2)
                continue;
            int widthmin = width < bi.getWidth() ? width : bi.getWidth();
            int heightmin = height < bi.getHeight() ? height : bi.getHeight();
            Label1: for (int x = 0; x < widthmin; ++x) {
                for (int y = 0; y < heightmin; ++y) {
                    if (isBlack(img.getRGB(x, y)) != isBlack(bi.getRGB(x, y))) {
                        count++;
                        if (count >= min)
                            break Label1;
                    }
                }
            }
            if (count < min) {
                min = count;
                result = map.get(bi);
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
    /** * 验证码识别 * @param file 要验证的验证码本地路径 * @return * @throws Exception */
    public static String getAllOcr(String file) throws Exception {
        BufferedImage img = removeBackgroud(file);
        List<BufferedImage> listImg = splitImage(img);
        Map<BufferedImage, String> map = loadTrainData();
        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        for (BufferedImage bi : listImg) {
            result.append(getSingleCharOcr(bi, map));
        }
        ImageIO.write(img, "PNG", new File("result/" + result + ".png"));
        return result.toString();
    }

    /** * 下载验证码 * @param url */
    public static void downloadImage(String url) {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpUtils.getHttpClient();
        for(int i=0; i<10; i++){
            HttpGet getMethod = new HttpGet(url);
            CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
            try {
                response = httpClient.execute(getMethod);
                if("HTTP/1.1 200 OK".equals(response.getStatusLine().toString())){
                    HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

                    InputStream is = entity.getContent();
                    OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(new File(srcPath+i+".png"));
                    int length = -1;
                    byte[] bytes = new byte[1024];
                    while((length = is.read(bytes)) != -1){
                        os.write(bytes, 0, length);
                    }
                    os.close();
                }
            } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /** * 机器训练 * @throws Exception */
    public static void trainData() throws Exception {
        File dir = new File("img/");
        File[] files = dir.listFiles();
        for (File file : files) {
            if (file.getName().startsWith("."))continue;
            System.out.println(files.length + file.getName());
            BufferedImage img = removeBackgroud("img/" + file.getName());
            List<BufferedImage> listImg = splitImage(img);
            if (listImg.size() == 4) {
                for (int j = 0; j < listImg.size(); ++j) {
                    ImageIO.write(listImg.get(j), "PNG", new File("temp/"
                            + file.getName().charAt(j) + "-" + (index++)
                            + ".png"));
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static void testOCR() throws Exception{
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; ++i) {
            String file = "img/" + i + ".png";
            System.out.println(file);
            String text = getAllOcr(file);
            System.out.println(i + ".png = " + text);
        }
    }

    /** * @param args * @throws Exception */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //downloadImage(getImageUrl);
        //trainData();
        //testOCR();
    }
}

代码中用到的 HttpClient 的代码也顺手贴上来吧

package ocr;

import org.apache.http.config.Registry;
import org.apache.http.config.RegistryBuilder;
import org.apache.http.config.SocketConfig;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.ConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.PlainConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.NoopHostnameVerifier;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.TrustStrategy;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder;

/**
 * Created by Ant on 2017/8/15.
 */
public class HttpUtils {

    public synchronized static CloseableHttpClient getHttpClient() {
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient;
        PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = getCM();
        httpClient = HttpClients.custom()
                .setConnectionManager(cm)
                .setConnectionManagerShared(true)
                .setRetryHandler(new DefaultHttpRequestRetryHandler(0, false))
                .build();
        return httpClient;
    }

    private static PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager getCM(){
        PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = null;
        try {
            SSLContextBuilder builder = new SSLContextBuilder();
            builder.loadTrustMaterial(null, (TrustStrategy) (x509Certificates, s) -> true);
            SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(builder.build(), new String[]{"SSLv2Hello", "SSLv3", "TLSv1", "TLSv1.2"}, null, NoopHostnameVerifier.INSTANCE);
            Registry<ConnectionSocketFactory> registry = RegistryBuilder.<ConnectionSocketFactory>create()
                    .register("http", new PlainConnectionSocketFactory())
                    .register("https", sslsf)
                    .build();
            cm = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager(registry);
            cm.setMaxTotal(200);//max connection
            cm.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(50);
            cm.setDefaultSocketConfig(SocketConfig.custom().setSoTimeout(15 * 1000).build());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return cm;
    }

}

大致流程

训练的大概思路就是,从验证码服务器拉取验证码图片,人工识别验证码,去背景切片后加入字库。

拉取验证码图片

新建 img temp result train 四个文件夹
运行 downloadImage方法,验证码会保存到 img 文件夹下

人工识别验证码

分别将文件重命名为验证码内容,对于不能准确确定的验证码,建议删除。

去背景、切片

运行 trainData 方法,temp 文件夹中会出现如下切片

image.png

大概看一眼,把类似于 p-10 这种不太准确的删掉,之后将所有文件移入 train 文件夹,完成一轮训练。

验证

以上流程多走几遍,当字库达到一定规模的时候就可以验证一下字库的准确率了

运行 testOCR 方法,在 result 文件夹下可以看到输出结果

image.png

可以看到,正确率尚可。
这套字库需要的可以直接拿去使用 train.zip

关于字库的使用,可以参考我的另一篇文章 正方教务系统Java免验证码登录抓取成绩

  • OCR
    6 引用 • 7 回帖
回帖
请输入回帖内容...